Substance abuse triggers symptoms similar to mental illnesses and are known as substance induced disorders. The disorders vary depending on the type and toxins found in the substance. Here are 9 substance induced disorders explained:
This is feelings of confusion, restlessness or hallucination. Alcohol is one substance that when abused will cause delirium symptoms. People who overdose on cocaine or amphetamines may also experience temporal delirium.
One suffers impaired reasoning and in several cases personality changes. Alcohol is one of the known substances that changes people’s behavior and personality, especially when feeling ‘high’. Persisting dementia may also be a present symptom in people abusing cocaine or amphetamines.
This disorder is manifested as memory loss, loss of the ability to create new memories or learn new information. An individual may suffer temporary amnestic disorder after over indulgence in alcohol. The individual suffers memory loss until dysphoria clears away. It is the same symptom that manifest in individuals doping with amphetamines, cocaine or sedatives.
People suffering from psychotic disorder lose touch with reality and cannot reason normally. Cocaine abuse is one drug with psychotic disorder symptoms and the victim may go overboard and turn violent. Psychosis may manifest much later in life when an individual becomes heavily hooked on sedatives or alcoholic substances.
Anxiety comes out as too much fear or worrying over something. Anxiety disorders are present in individual hooked on alcohol, caffeine, opioids and sedatives. Anxiety may manifest as an early symptom, especially in caffeine abuse, or may show up later during withdrawal as the case with alcohol, opioids and sedatives.
Moodiness sometimes comes out as depression in other people. Alcohol, nicotine, sedatives and opioids are some of the substances that create this order. The person may lose their mood before taking the drug, after taking the drug, or when suffering withdrawal symptoms.
Hallucinogen Persisting Perceptual Disorder
This disorder affects someone’s visual ability in that they start seeing things that are not real. One may hallucinate when experiencing euphoria or being ‘high’, a symptom common when abusing alcohol, sedatives and opioids.
Poor sexual performance may appear in persons heavily abusing alcohol, sedatives or other intoxicating substances.
Abuse of opioids, sedatives and alcohol will trigger sleep disorder and restlessness when the problem is not controlled in time.
These are some of the common substance-induced disorders often confused as mental illness. Note that symptoms of the substance-induced disorders ranges from mild anxiety and depression to full-blown psychotic reactions.