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Timeline For The Benefits Of Quitting Smoking Cigarettes

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Most people want to quit smoking, but unfortunately it’s not easy. One way to help you to focus on your goal is to read about the short-term and long-term benefits from the moment you smoke your last cigarette.

The First 20 Minutes- Within the first twenty minutes of quitting, your pulse, blood pressure, and body temperature will reach normal levels.

8 Hours- At this mark, 93.75% of the nicotine in your bloodstream from your last cigarette has been reduced.

12 Hours- Your carbon monoxide and blood oxygen levels will be normal.

24 Hours- Anxiety has increased, but within two weeks of abstaining from cigarettes, the levels should return to normal.

48 Hours- An increase in irritability will occur, but the sense of smell and taste should start returning to normal levels.

72 Hours- Your body should be 100 percent nicotine free at the 72 hour mark. Nicotine withdrawal will cause restlessness and irritability, but your lungs will be on the way to recovery, allowing you to breathe easier.

5 to 8 Days- It’s common for ex-smokers to experience three crave episodes a day, but each episode should only last a few minutes.

10 Days- The amount of crave episodes should be down to two per day.

10 to 14 Days- Addiction has decreased significantly. Many areas of your body have returned to what they were before you picked up the habit of smoking.

14 days to 4 Weeks- Irritability, restlessness, and anxiety due to withdrawal should be gone.

1 Year from Quitting- The risk of a heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart disease has now dropped to half of that of a non-smoker.

5 Years- For a female, the risk of being diagnosed with diabetes is now the same as a non-smoker.

5 to 15 Years- The risk of a stroke in no the same as a non-smoker.

10 Years- The risk of lung cancer is now between 30 to 50% of that of a smoker.

15 Years- Coronary heart disease and pancreatic cancer risks are now the same as a non-smoker.

20 Years- Diseases and conditions related to smoking are now that of a non-smoker.

As you can see, from the moment you extinguish that last cigarette your body will be repairing itself. Do your best, and read stop smoking tips to help you reach your goal.

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Common Questions About Rehab That Loved Ones Ask

479408986When a loved one has a substance abuse problem, the desire to support efforts to get clean is there. What is not so clear is what to expect from the rehabilitation program. Here are some examples of the more common questions about rehab and what loved ones can expect.

How Long Will It Take?

Rehabilitation is a process that will take as long as it takes. Depending on the severity of the addiction and the general physical condition of the addict, it may be possible to complete the initial program in as little as a month. Other patients may require additional time. Since the focus is on stabilizing the addict and providing the resources needed to learn to control the addiction, thinking in terms of progress rather than time is the best approach.

Is the Patient Cured?

When it comes to questions about rehab, many people will ask about the cure. In fact, there is no such thing as a cure. The addict is never cured in the same sense that a broken leg heals. What does happen is the addict learns how to control the addiction. The alcoholic is still an alcoholic, but now is able to resist the temptation to take a drink.

Can the Family Visit?

At some point in the process, loved ones will be able to visit with the addict. The contact is allowed when and as the counselors determine spending time with those loved ones is in the best interest of the person going through the program. Be patient and know that the day will come when it is possible to start repairing relationships.

How Much Will the Program costs?

Any drug or alcohol rehabilitation program will involve some type of cost. There are effective programs that will cost no more than a few thousand per month. More intensive programs will cost more. Keep in mind that health insurance will help settle a large share of the cost. The important thing is to concentrate on getting clean and developing the skills to stay that way.

For anyone who loves a person with a drug or alcohol addiction and wants to help, follow us and learn more about what can be done, especially after the addict decides help is desirable. With time, patience, and love, the potential for the addict to be in control once again and stay that way is definitely there.


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The Different Types Of Motivations For Seeking Recovery

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Addiction can is often difficult to recover from because the draw is so strong. Individuals suffering from them need all the help they can get from their loved ones. However, external help can only go so far. Many friends and family can feel frustrated after their attempts at assistance fails. Understanding the motivations behind successful recovery will allow loved ones to evaluate the situation and develop more effective ways to persuade the patient to change for the better.

Self-Motivation

The best way for anyone to recover is to find an internal motivation. A drive that comes from within is a light that can guide a person through the darkest times. The trick is for them to find its source. This can be difficult for someone who is dealing with emotional, physical and mental issues due to the addiction but it is not impossible. Many see their health as the prime motivating factor. When they hit rock bottom, they realize that they want to change their ways and take back their life. They need to become whole again to take control.

Consequences

Another source of motivation is the consequences if they don’t shape up right away. Addiction can cause a strain in various aspects of life including career and family. When productivity and performance are affected, then a person can be in danger of losing the chance at promotion and may even be let go by the company. The practical side then takes over to drive an earnest attempt at recovery. Strains surrounding the family can hit hard as well especially on an emotional level. The possibility of breaking the family could make someone realize that it’s time to kick the habit for good.

Tough Love

If all attempts have been made to get through to a person and nothing happens, then tough love may be called for to wake them up. Letting go may be the thing that causes them to change. However, this type of motivation must be used carefully so as not to backfire. It uses the primal need for connection to compel the patient to take action towards addiction recovery.


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The Differences Between Dilaudid And Morphine

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Dilaudid and Morphine are two drugs known for their pain relieving capabilities. However, there is a basic difference between the two and that difference lies in the source where they come from. Even though Morphine and Dilaudid both are very addictive drugs, the former comes directly from the poppy plants while the latter is a market name for hydromorphone.

Different Strengths

Hydromorphone is made by morphine synthesis and thus, is a variant of morphine itself. As per latest studies, Dilaudid is at least 3-4 times stronger than Morphine, but is used less commonly as a drug. During severe pain, usually Morphine is administered first to the patients. Both of these opioids are popular among drug addicts.

Dilaudid is more soluble in water than Morphine, which is why it is the preferred drug during many surgeries. Also, since it acts faster than Morphine, it is given when the patient requires a quick dosage.

Side Effects

Dilaudid and Morphine both can be highly addictive, as they are both derived from opiates. In fact, according to studies, Morphine can be at least as addictive as heroine and is definitely stronger than alcohol. But since Dilaudid is higher in strength than Morphine, it can be far more addictive when taken in the same doses. It is usually prescribed to persons who require a high level of Morphine.

Some reports link Morphine with mood swings, nausea, and cognitive distortion, while these symptoms in Dilaudid takers seem less likely. That being said, there can be no conclusive statement about their side effects, as the effects may differ from person to person. This is why different variants of these drugs are prescribed to different people.

Prescription

Dilaudid is available (only when prescribed) in the medical stores. It can be availed either as an IV or pill form. It is usually prescribed to those who have a dry, persistent painful cough. It is an alternative to Morphine and is also used as an anti-tussive, or cough suppressant.

However, it must be noted that taking either drug in high quantities may cause serious respiratory problems. Also, because of the highly addictive nature of these drugs it is advised to take them in low doses and only if prescribed.


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9 Common Substance-Induced Disorders

Substance abuse triggers symptoms similar to mental illnesses and are known as substance induced disorders. The disorders vary depending on the type and toxins found in the substance. Here are 9 substance induced disorders explained:

Delirium

This is feelings of confusion, restlessness or hallucination. Alcohol is one substance that when abused will cause delirium symptoms. People who overdose on cocaine or amphetamines may also experience temporal delirium.

Persisting Dementia

One suffers impaired reasoning and in several cases personality changes. Alcohol is one of the known substances that changes people’s behavior and personality, especially when feeling ‘high’. Persisting dementia may also be a present symptom in people abusing cocaine or amphetamines.

Amnestic Disorder

This disorder is manifested as memory loss, loss of the ability to create new memories or learn new information. An individual may suffer temporary amnestic disorder after over indulgence in alcohol. The individual suffers memory loss until dysphoria clears away. It is the same symptom that manifest in individuals doping with amphetamines, cocaine or sedatives.

Psychotic Disorder

People suffering from psychotic disorder lose touch with reality and cannot reason normally. Cocaine abuse is one drug with psychotic disorder symptoms and the victim may go overboard and turn violent. Psychosis may manifest much later in life when an individual becomes heavily hooked on sedatives or alcoholic substances.

Anxiety

Anxiety comes out as too much fear or worrying over something. Anxiety disorders are present in individual hooked on alcohol, caffeine, opioids and sedatives. Anxiety may manifest as an early symptom, especially in caffeine abuse, or may show up later during withdrawal as the case with alcohol, opioids and sedatives.

Moodiness

Moodiness sometimes comes out as depression in other people. Alcohol, nicotine, sedatives and opioids are some of the substances that create this order. The person may lose their mood before taking the drug, after taking the drug, or when suffering withdrawal symptoms.

Hallucinogen Persisting Perceptual Disorder

This disorder affects someone’s visual ability in that they start seeing things that are not real. One may hallucinate when experiencing euphoria or being ‘high’, a symptom common when abusing alcohol, sedatives and opioids.

Sexual Dysfunction

Poor sexual performance may appear in persons heavily abusing alcohol, sedatives or other intoxicating substances.

Sleep Disorder

Abuse of opioids, sedatives and alcohol will trigger sleep disorder and restlessness when the problem is not controlled in time.

These are some of the common substance-induced disorders often confused as mental illness. Note that symptoms of the substance-induced disorders ranges from mild anxiety and depression to full-blown psychotic reactions.


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Common 2015 Colorado DUI Penalties

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Motorists in the Centennial State may be found guilty of driving under the influence if their blood-alcohol levels reach or surpass .08 percent. The 2015 Colorado DUI penalties include considerable fines, up to a year in prison and long-term license suspensions.

Minors

As part of its “zero tolerance” policy, this state applies somewhat different rules when it prosecutes intoxicated motorists under 21. If these individuals have blood-alcohol concentrations of at least .02 percent, the authorities automatically revoke their licenses.

Refusal

When they operate motor vehicles, all drivers in Colorado automatically give the police consent to perform alcohol tests. Law enforcement personnel have the right to conduct tests when they have any suspicion that someone is driving while intoxicated. If motorists refuse these tests, they lose their licenses for one to three years.

DWAI

A lesser violation occurs when Coloradans over 21 “drive with ability impaired” and have .05 to .07 percent blood-alcohol levels. The initial DWAI conviction results in maximum penalties of six months in prison, eight traffic violation points, a $500 fine and community service for 48 hours.

First DUI

When a person is convicted of driving under the influence for the first time, he or she must pay a fine of at least $600. The top penalty is $1,000. Prison sentences range from five to 365 days, but courts may suspend them. Community service and violation points also apply.

Second DUI

If a driver commits the same offense twice, it results in a jail sentence of three to 12 months. The penalties also include a fine between $1,000 and $1,500, a 12-month suspension of the offender’s license, 12 violation points and community service for as many as 120 hours.

Third DUI

The punishments for a third offense are similar. They consist of 70 to 365 days in jail, a 24-month license suspension, 12 points, extensive community service and up to $1,500 in fines. Ignition interlock equipment is required to reinstate a driver’s license.

The 2015 Colorado DUI penalties provide a major incentive to walk home or call a taxi after drinking. They impose particularly harsh consequences for people who repeatedly operate vehicles while they remain intoxicated. This helps to ensure the safety of drivers, passengers and pedestrians.

HAVE YOU BEEN ARRESTED FOR A DUI OR OTHER CRIMES IN COLORADO?
Call Peter Albani Law Today For a Strong Defense:

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Get The Facts About Panic Attacks

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Panic attacks are emotionally debilitating incidents that can happen anywhere and at any time. Some are aware of the triggers but many never learn what causes them to experience this dreadful condition. They simply cope with it when it happens. The unpleasant feeling typically lasts for minutes at a time and then it subsides on its own. However, it can recur just as quickly, waves of panic in succession leaving a person exhausted and utterly distraught. The lack of any discernible cause compounds the problem. Patients are physically okay yet psychologically devastated and they don’t know how to get well.

The Effects of Panic Attacks

Individuals experiencing panic attacks can be so traumatized that they start developing fears that exacerbate the situation. Since the incidents can happen without warning, they are in constant state of dread about the next time it might appear. They worry that it might come up while they are out in public, possibly leading into some embarrassing situations. This thought may cause them to retreat inwardly. They will prefer to stay in places where they feel comfortable like their home and refuse to go out unless it was absolutely necessary. They may begin to withdraw from friends thinking that nobody understands them, not even themselves.

Treatment Options

Those who suffer from panic attacks are likely to feel like they are all alone in a fight against an invisible shadow. Yet the truth is that there are more than 4 million Americans suffering from different forms of panic attack. This represents a significant portion of the adult population. The numbers may even be a lot higher as this condition tends to be grossly under-reported.

The good news is that people don’t have to live this way all their life. There are a number of treatment options available and most of them can produce tangible results within a short time span. Cognitive/behavioral therapy is a particularly effective treatment for panic attacks and agoraphobia. It is often described as a how-to therapy as it focuses on the present moment and the ways to get rid of the anxiety.

Follow us for more information and resources on drug abuse and treatment.